Cuba has been in the news lately promoting a new plan to help African countries control and even eradicate malaria. The Cubans propose mosquito larvae control, which they hope will reduce mosquito populations and thereby halt the spread of the disease. The science simply does not support this approach. But with Cuba's regime trampling the human rights of its own citizens, should we be surprised they don't really care what might work to save lives in other countries?
Larvicide does have a place in malaria control. Indeed, SA's world-class malaria control programme uses it in a limited way, in conjunction with other interventions. Larval control requires regular application of chemical and biological insecticides to mosquito breeding sites. But according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), "the consensus among vector control specialists, based on currently available evidence, is that in most situations, larviciding with universal coverage across large areas and populations is unlikely to be feasible". The WHO says: "In general, larviciding should be considered for malaria control only in areas where the breeding sites are few, fixed and findable."
The results of this study suggest the existence of substandard anti-malarial medicines in Malawi. The presence of both excessive and insufficient artemisinin-based and non-artemisinin-based API, clearly points to poor adherence to GMP and improper handling during storage or distribution.
The terms racism, white supremacy, and crimes against humanity are bandied about so often that they have become almost meaningless.
Providing people with insecticide-treated bed nets alone is not enough to control malaria, according to a new study by the University of California, San Francisco, in conjunction with Makerere University.
Apparently we no longer live in a world that values technological advancement.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared, "A post-antibiotic era—in which common infections and minor injuries can kill—far from being an apocalyptic fantasy, is instead a very real possibility for the 21st century".
Last year, Prof Henk Bouwman of North-West University and co-authors published a paper in a respectable journal, Environmental Research, claiming that DDT spraying led to thinning of bird eggshells.
The environmental science journal Environmental Research has published an article by nine malaria experts exposing major errors in a research paper on DDT and bird eggshells.
In Southern Africa, the malaria season typically begins with the summer rains in November and ends in April. In this region, the co-ordination of malaria control efforts between neighbouring states has dramatically reduced the incidence of malaria.Read more »
Parasites are life's great success story, abundant in both species and sheer numbers.
Malaria has long been intertwined in world history, with characteristic malaria symptoms noted as far back as 2700 BCE.
Chronic malaria affects the intellectual capabilities and weakens the thinking faculty of children.
Last month, a team of scientists announced what could prove to be an enormous step forward in the fight against H.I.V.
Malaria has resurfaced in Rio de Janeiro as a historic drought in Brazil's southeastern region is driving mosquitoes in the Atlantic Forest to seek water in areas frequented by people, such as waterfalls.Read more »
A randomized controlled trial, that explores three different approaches to improve RDT distribution through the private retail sector.
Determinants of malaria diagnostic uptake in the retail sector: qualitative analysis from focus groups in Uganda
In order to boost demand for RDTs, this research suggests that private sector RDTs will have to be made convenient and affordable and that targeted behaviour change campaigns should strive to increase the perceived value of diagnosis.
Malaria parasite carriage and risk determinants in a rural population: a malariometric survey in Rwanda
Efforts to further reduce transmission and eventually eliminate malaria locally should focus on investments in programmes that improve house structure features (that limit indoor malaria transmission), making insecticide-treated bed nets and indoor residual spraying implementation more effective.
Insecticide-treated net use before and after mass distribution in a fishing community along Lake Victoria, Kenya: successes and unavoidable pitfalls
The effectiveness of mass distribution of ITNs, requires careful analysis of successes and failures if impacts are to be sustained over the long term.
To investigate the genomic basis of vectorial capacity and explore new avenues for vector control, we sequenced the genomes of 16 anopheline mosquito species from diverse locations spanning ~100 million years of evolution.Read more »