Research

Determinants of bed net use in children under five and household bed net ownership on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea

Alberto L Garcia-Basteiro et al | 29 Jun 2011 | Malaria Journal

As part of comprehensive malaria control strategies, the Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) distributed 110,000 long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN) in late 2007 with the aim of providing one net for each sleeping area.

Relationship between care-givers' misconceptions and non-use of ITNs by under-five Nigerian children

Ekundayo Arogundade et al | 22 Jun 2011 | Malaria Journal

Misconceptions about causes and prevention of malaria by caregivers adversely influence the use ITN by under-five children. Appropriate communication strategies should correct these misconceptions.

Increased proportions of outdoor feeding among residual malaria vector populations following increased use of insecticide-treated nets in rural Tanzania

Tanya Russell et al | 09 Apr 2011 | Malaria Journal

High usage of ITNs can dramatically alter African vector populations so that intense, predominantly indoor transmission is replaced by greatly lowered residual transmission, a greater proportion of which occurs outdoors.

Malaria Infection and Anemia Prevalence in Zambia's Luangwa District: An Area of Near-Universal Insecticide-Treated Mosquito Net Coverage

Thomas Eisele et al | 14 Jan 2011 | American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

In addition to maintaining universal ITN coverage, it will be essential for the malaria control program to achieve high ITN use and laboratory diagnosis and treatment of all fevers among all age groups to further reduce the malaria burden in this area.

Malaria infection and disease in an area with pyrethroid-resistant vectors in southern Benin

Georgia Damien et al | 31 Dec 2010 | Malaria Journal

The used LLINs rate was high and only the correct use of LLINs was found to reduce malaria infection without influencing malaria morbidity.

Barriers to Insecticide-Treated Mosquito Net Possession 2 Years after a Mass Free Distribution Campaign in Luangwa District, Zambia

David Larsen et al | 10 Nov 2010 | PLoS One

Delivery of a large number of ITNs does not translate directly into 100% household coverage. Due to their design, current ITN distribution strategies may miss households occupied by the elderly and those without children or ANC access.

The potential role of the educational system in addressing the effect of inadequate knowledge of mosquitoes on use of insecticide-treated nets in Ghana

Andreas Kudom & Ben Mensah | 15 Sep 2010 | Malaria Journal

The study reveals that respondents did not have adequate knowledge on the biology and behaviour of mosquitoes.

Decreased motivation in the use of insecticide-treated nets in a malaria endemic area in Burkina Faso

Lea Pare Toe et al | 29 Jul 2009 | Malaria Journal

The use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) is an important tool in the Roll Back Malaria strategy. For ITNs to be effective they need to be used correctly. Previous studies have shown that many factors, such as wealth, access to health care, education, ethnicity and gender, determine the ownership and use of ITNs.

Household possession, use and non-use of treated or untreated mosquito nets in two ecologically diverse regions of Nigeria - Niger Delta and Sahel Savannah

Bamgboye M. Afolabi et al | 19 Feb 2009 | Malaria Journal

This study found that despite the fact that treated nets were distributed widely across Nigeria, the use of this commodity was still very low in the Sahel Savanna region. Future campaigns should include more purposeful social and health education on the importance and advantages of the use of treated nets to save lives in the Sahel Savannah region of Nigeria.

Gains in awareness, ownership and use of insecticide-treated nets in Nigeria, Senegal, Uganda and Zambia

Carol A Baume & Celeste Marin | 07 Aug 2008 | Malaria Journal

In April 2000, the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) "Abuja Summit" set a target of having at least 60% of pregnant women and children under five use insecticide-treated nets (ITNs). Thereafter, programmes were implemented to create demand, reduce taxes and tariffs, spur the commercial market, and reach vulnerable populations with free or subsidized ITNs. Using national ITN monitoring data from the USAID-sponsored AED/NetMark project, this article examines the extent to which these activities were successful in increasing awareness, ownership, and use of nets and ITNs.